AODA Compliance Requirements for Websites

Last updated:

Summary: Learn about the AODA requirements for web accessibility, if the law applies to your organization, deadlines for compliance, and how you can ensure your website meets legal requirements.

laptop on desk that is showing a furniture website

What is the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act (AODA)?

The Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act (AODA) was passed in 2005 and is based on the 2001 Ontarians with Disabilities Act. It establishes standards that both public and private organizations must follow to ensure greater access for Ontarians who are living with a disability. The goal is to create a barrier-free Ontario by 2025. 

It’s important to note the AODA does not replace the Ontario Human Rights Code, which prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities. However, it does set out clear processes for organizations to follow as they ensure their practices and policies are AODA compliant. This includes standards for website accessibility.

What does AODA web accessibility compliance require?

The AODA requires that public-facing websites meet Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 Level A and AA criteria. WCAG was developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and is the internationally accepted standard for web accessibility. 

See also  The Many Pitfalls of Accessibility Overlays

To comply with the AODA, all web content must conform to the below success criteria. However, there are two exceptions to WCAG 2.0 AA conformance: success criteria 1.2.4 (live captions) and 1.2.5 (audio descriptions).

WCAG 2.0 AA criteria success criteria:

  • 1.1: Text alternatives
    • Level A:
      • Non-text content
  • 1.2: Time-based media alternatives
    • Level A:
      • 1.2.1 Audio only and video only (Prerecorded)
      • 1.2.2 Captions (Prerecorded)
      • AODA Exception: 1.2.4 Captions (Live)
      • AODA Exception: 1.2.5 Audio Description or Media Alternative (Prerecorded)
  • 1.3: Adaptable Content
    • Level A:
      • 1.3.1 Information and relationships
      • 1.3.2 Meaningful sequence
      • 1.3.3 Sensory characteristics
  • 1.4 Distinguishable content
    • Level A:
      • 1.4.1 Use of color
      • 1.4.2 Audio control
    • Level AA:
      • 1.4.3 Contrast (Minimum)
      • 1.4.4 Resize text
      • 1.4.5 Images of text
  • 2.1: Keyboard accessibility
    • Level A:
      • 2.1.1 Keyboard
      • 2.1.2 No Keyboard trap
  • 2.2: Enough time to read and use content
    • Level A:
      • 2.2.1 Timing is adjustable
      • 2.2.2 Pause, stop, hide capabilities
  • 2.3: Ensure content doesn’t prompt a seizure
    • Level A:
      • 2.3.1 Three flashes or below threshold
  • 2.4: Navigable content
    • Level A:
      • 2.4.1 Bypass blocks
      • 2.4.2 Page titled
      • 2.4.3 Focus order
      • 2.4.4 Link purpose
    • Level AA:
      • 2.4.5 Multiple ways
      • 2.4.6 Headings and labels
      • 2.4.7 Focus visible
  • 3.1: Readable text content
    • Level A:
      • 3.1.1 Language of page
    • Level AA:
      • 3.1.2 Language of parts
  • 3.2 Predictable web pages
    • Level A:
      • 3.2.1 On focus
      • 3.2.2 On input
    • Level AA:
      • 3.2.4 Consistent identification
  • 3.3 Input assistance
    • Level A:
      • 3.3.1 Error identification
      • 3.3.2 Labels or instructions
    • Level AA:
      • 3.3.3 Error suggestion
      • 3.3.4 Error prevention (Legal, financial, data)
  • 4.1 Compatible
    • Level A:
      • 1.1 Parsing
      • 1.2 Name, role, value
See also  A Firm Foundation: New Digital Accessibility Courses Added to the eSSENTIAL Accessibility Academy

Who Must Comply with the AODA?

The AODA requires you to make all public websites accessible if you are a designated public sector organization or a business or non-profit organization with 50 or more employees. Refer to the to determine how to count your employees

Website Compliance applies to all new websites or significantly refreshed sites. A new website is one that has a new web address. A significantly refreshed website is one that keeps the same web address but reflects substantial changes that impact the overall look and feel, the content or the navigation.

See also  Website Accessibility Checklist – Should You Be Using One?

What is the deadline for compliance?

January 1, 2020 was the deadline for all internet and intranet websites and web content to conform with WCAG 2.0 AA (with the exception of Success Criteria 1.2.4 and 1.2.5). The deadline to submit an Accessibility Compliance Report has been extended to June 30, 2021. That report confirms an organization has met AODA accessibility requirements. 

Noncompliance with the AODA can lead to significant financial penalties. In the most severe cases, a corporation can be fined up to $100,000 per day until violations are resolved. An individual or unincorporated organization may face a penalty of up to $50,000 per day.

How do you know if your website meets AODA compliance requirements?

A great way to get started checking your website for accessibility issues is by using an automated scan or “checker”.  However, it’s very important to remember that automated scans are limited in how many issues they can catch.  This is why the Accessibility Directorate of Ontario strongly urges organizations to have their websites tested by humans.

See also  Ensuring Web Accessibility for Older Adults

Two helpful scans are WAVE and AChecker.  Single page WAVE and AChecker scans are free.

Furthermore, the Government of Ontario has developed the AODA Compliance Wizard to give organizations a customized list of requirements for compliance, based on what kind of business they are or the size of their workforce.


Assess your website’s AODA compliance with our AODA Readiness Checklist – download your copy today.

How to ensure you’re meeting AODA website compliance requirements

eSSENTIAL Accessibility offers a unique approach to the problem of digital accessibility. Namely, an all-in-one platform that combines technology, manual evaluation, accessibility experts, and legal guidance. This approach enables organizations to achieve and sustain digital accessibility across all of their sites, apps and products.

Also, eSSENTIAL’s platform includes full website WAVE scans.

Learn more about eSSENTIAL Accessibility’s innovative solution by requesting a demo today.

What to do next

We can help you meet WCAG standards and maintain ADA and AODA compliance:

  1. Connect with us today to learn more about our comprehensive approach to digital accessibility, including our automated and manual auditing capabilities and extensive range of managed services.
  2. Visit our resources section to download free white papers and webinars, and find our newest blogs on industry trends.
  3. Connect with us to continue the conversation on Linkedin, Twitter, or Facebook.

forrester ipad forrester logo

Tech TideTM

Accessibility platforms listed as a top tech investment in the Forrester Tech TideTM

Access the report

Subscribe for Updates